Law

Montana Resources
Note: Montana became a state in 1889. Legal materials from 1864 to 1889 relate to the Territory of Montana.

Montana Administrative Code
These are state executive agency rules - they work in conjunction with Montana laws. Montana's administrative rules are found in print - Administrative Rules of Montana (ARMs). The current version of the Administrative Rules are found on this site. Notices about proposed rules and recently adopted rules are published in the Montana Administrative Register (MAR). The MAR, dating back to 2000, is also online here.

Montana Bills
Bills from each legislative session (introduced or passed) are online dating from 1999. Legislative committee and floor hearings are archived since 2005 and audio minutes can be accessed here. The Montana Historical Society Archives in Helena is the official depository for all legislative material.

Montana Code
These are the laws of Montana. A print version is contained in the Montana Code Annotated, published in the fall of every odd numbered year (after the legislative session). You can also view older editions of the Montana Code.

Montana Constitution
A print version of the current Montana Constitution is contained in the Montana Code Annotated (MCA), Vol. 1. Annotations to the current constitution are available in the Annotations to the MCA, a separate title. The Montana Code Annotated is available online without annotations. The Organic Act (which created the Montana Territory), the 1889 Constitution, and the 1972 Constitution are available online here.

Montana Court Decisions
Montana Supreme Court cases from the mid-1970s forward are available free online from the State Law Library of Montana. Briefs filed by litigants with the Supreme Court are found at the same website. The official printed reports of Montana Supreme Court cases from 1873 to present are contained in the Montana Reports. Montana Supreme Court cases also appear in West's Pacific Reporter. Montana has no intermediate-level appellate court; appeals to the Montana Supreme Court come from the 56 district courts in Montana. Missoula is the 4th Judicial District. Most district court opinions are not available online but information on the location of the district courts is available.

Montana Law Library

Municipal Codes
Some of the larger local governments like Missoula have their codes online. Find other city and county codes available online here.

State Session Laws
A print version of Laws of Montana has been produced by the Montana Legislature after each session since 1864. As a general rule, the legislature meets every odd-numbered year. Some recent versions of the session laws are online.

Montana Jury Instructions and Court Rules
The Montana Civil and Criminal pattern Jury Instructions are printed by the State Bar of Montana. They are not available online but can be purchased online. The official publication of the court rules is the MCATitle 25 (Civil) and Title 46 (Criminal). You can also view current rules without annotations.

Montana Legal Forms
The Commission on Self-Represented Litigants has approved a number of statewide forms. MontanaLawHelp.org also has a number of forms (select "Self-Help Forms"). The Montana Legal Services Association also has a number of free forms available online.

State Bar of Montana

Western Montana Bar Association

Federal Resources
Federal laws are contained in the United States Code.

The U.S. has 11 regional circuit courts (courts of appeal). These courts handle appeals made from state courts in their region. Montana is in the 9th Circuit.

Appeals from the circuit courts go to the U.S. Supreme Court. You can view many U.S. Supreme Court cases online.

United States Federal Digital System is a portal to government publications and information. You can find the Code of Federal Regulations and other legal documents here.

Tribal Law
Montana tribes are considered sovereign nations. The Montana Indian Law Portal contains tribal codes, decisions, and more.